What causes window condensation? Is it cold air leaking in? Or is it just from the temp difference between outside and inside? I have condensation on most of my upstairs windows. Especially 2 bedrooms. Sometimes there is so much it puddles up on the sills. Downstairs where the wood stove is located the windows are all fine. They are fairly new, dual pane, double hung windows. I re-caulked all windows this fall.