I apologize if this has been covered, but i've searched through the site for similar and i'm coming up short. I have a Vermont Castings Defiant Model 1 in my basement. Old, but it will pump heat without a problem and i restored it from a hunk of rust to where it is now. The problem i have is that i can't get the heat to transfer from my basement to my first floor. Hopefully the image i uploaded can be seen. It's an image of my upstairs. Note that the boxes labelled 1 and 2 are grates in the floor sized at about 24"x12". Also note that there is a central stairwell. The basement is the same square footage as the upstairs but the walls bisecting the area are in the area of where the Bathroom/Laundry and Bedroom 2 would appear... that's my workshop... have to keep the cats out. I can get the basement cooking. 80 degrees or more without an issue. However, the warm air is not moving despite anything that i've attempted. You can actually walk into the stairwell and hit a wall of hot air. The upper level of my house can be 30 degrees difference in temp. Now, i've tried blowing air up the stairwell/down the stairwell, blowing air up the floor vents/down the floor vents, turning the kitchen ceiling fan on pulling/pushing, closing off one vent entirely and attempting fans in the vent or stairwell... the heat just is hanging there. I'm at a loss as to what the issue is and after having spent an entire winter bundled under blankets or spending time in my basement last year, i've kind of met the end of my thoughts on what to do. The only thing i can think of now to heat my home is to forego the basement method altogether and install an insert in my fireplace (designated by the #3 in my livingroom on the right of the house). Opening at 33Wx28Tx26D tapering with a small rectangular damper. Admittedly... i'm a bit overwhelmed by the choices on the market and reading the umpteen reviews on this site has made my choice action more difficult instead of helping. I have limited funding, in and around 1-2k to furnish an insert, but i can't help but scratch my head about my current installation and why i'm having such a problem. Heat rises... but in my house the laws of nature don't seem to apply. Am i doing something glaringly wrong here? Best if i just say screw it and put the money into an insert?