Not just eagle feathers but all migratory birds... Eagles get more notice due to national symbol and being on the endangered list (pesticides from the 60s played a big part in this). Due to their importance in many native traditions, there is a black market similar to elephant ivory. Looking at this treaty, I've inadvertantly broken this law by sending a bird nest to school with the kids! http://www.fws.gov/laws/lawsdigest/migtrea.html Edit: The bird nest was from a robin who was finished with it as her babies learned to fly. Knew about the law with regards to eagle feathers but not that it covered all migratory birds - CBC had it as a reference to a case on poaching in BC; game birds are OK if you have the appropriate hunting license. My "spare" daughter is First Nations and I used to work with First Nations teenagers - Eagle feathers are received for important deeds/life events.