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"...Wood was the primary heating source for about 1.3 percent..."

Post in 'The Hearth Room - Wood Stoves and Fireplaces' started by fishboat, Nov 21, 2007.

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  1. fishboat

    fishboat Member

    Joined:
    Dec 2, 2006
    Messages:
    77
    Loc:
    Wisconsin
    Ran across this from Bloomberg:

    Environment Be Damned, Oil Prices Light Fire Under Wood in U.S.

    By Robert Tuttle
    Nov. 21 (Bloomberg) -- More American households, faced with
    an 83 percent increase in home heating-oil prices over the past
    year, are turning to an alternative as old as the Stone Age:
    wood.
    While the typical wood stove emits as much as 350 times
    more pollution than an oil furnace, according to the U.S.
    Environmental Protection Agency, some homeowners find the
    economics compelling. Firewood costs less than half as much as
    heating oil in terms of energy produced, based on prices from
    the U.S. Energy Department and firewoodcenter.com.
    ``I got nearly a $2,500-a-year saving by putting in a wood
    boiler,'' says Wendy Wells, a 39-year-old New Hampshire
    bookkeeper who replaced her oil furnace two years ago with a
    $3,700 wood-oil combination.
    Sales of wood-pellet stoves, the least environmentally
    harmful wood-heating devices, more than tripled since 1999 to
    133,105 last year, according to the Hearth, Patio & Barbecue
    Association in Arlington, Virginia. At Thayer Nursery in Milton,
    Massachusetts, owner Josh Oldfield says firewood sales are 15 to
    18 percent higher than a year ago.
    ``As oil creeps up toward $100 a barrel, firewood sales
    have increased dramatically,'' Oldfield says. ``There is
    definitely a correlation.''
    Business also has picked up for sellers of wood stoves,
    boilers and ovens used to dry wood, or kilns, says Sherri
    Latulip, co-owner of Mountain Firewood Kilns in Littleton, New
    Hampshire.

    `They Start Buying'

    The company's sales have tripled, says her husband, Bill.
    Mountain Firewood's kilns retail for $21,800, and combination
    wood-oil boilers, for as much as $6,490.
    ``We really started getting the run on them at the end of
    August, early September,'' he says. ``When people hear oil is
    going to get expensive, they start buying.''
    Crude oil, which accounts for about 60 percent of heating
    oil's retail price, rose to a record $98.62 a barrel on Nov. 7
    in New York, before declining as demand eased. Crude oil for
    January delivery rose $3.39, or 3.6 percent, to settle at $98.03
    a barrel on the New York Mercantile Exchange yesterday.
    Heating oil futures, which represent wholesale prices, have
    gained 61 percent in the past year, pushed higher by crude oil.
    The retail price of the fuel averaged a record $3.21 a gallon on
    Nov. 12, the most recent available, according to the Energy
    Department. Natural gas prices have fallen 6.8 percent in the
    past year through yesterday.
    Wood prices have increased more slowly than oil because of
    abundant supply and people's ability to gather and split their
    own wood, particularly in the Northeast where usage is
    concentrated.

    Primary Heating Source

    Ray Colton, owner of Colton Enterprises Inc. in Pittsfield,
    Vermont, says he sells kiln-dried firewood for $220 a cord, the
    same as last year. A cord, 128 cubic feet (3.6 cubic meters) of
    stacked firewood, is about equal to the amount that can be
    loaded onto two full-sized pick-up trucks. The national average
    is about $160 a cord, according to firewoodcenter.com.
    Wood was the primary heating source for about 1.3 percent
    of U.S. households in 2005, according to the most-recent Energy
    Department data. That was down from 7.1 percent 20 years
    earlier. Seven percent of homes use heating oil, 58 percent
    natural gas and 30 percent electricity. Propane and other fuels
    account for the remainder.
    Pollution is the big drawback. Even stoves that burn dog-
    food sized pellets of compressed sawdust emit about 40 times
    more particulate matter, similar to soot, than an oil furnace,
    according to the EPA.

    Federal Regulations

    The emissions can contribute to respiratory illnesses such
    as asthma, says David Wright, a supervisor with Maine's
    Department of Environmental Protection. Wood burning for
    residential heating accounted for 57 percent of toxic air
    emissions in the state, he says.
    The federal EPA issued regulations for woodstoves in 1989,
    mandating that they emit no more than 4.1 grams of smoke an hour
    for catalytic stoves, which convert particulates and harmful
    gases into less-polluting exhaust, and 7.5 grams an hour for
    ordinary stoves. Manufacturers that fail to meet those standards
    may be fined as much as much as $100 a stove, says John Dupree,
    supervisor of the EPA's wood heater program.
    Several states, including New Jersey, Vermont and
    Washington, also have regulations to control pollution, says
    George Allen, a senior scientist at the Boston-based Northeast
    States for Coordinated Air Use Management, a nonprofit
    association of state air-quality agencies.

    New Jersey, Connecticut

    New Jersey has a law, enforced by fines, that forbids use
    of outdoor wood boilers that emit smoke, says Lisa Rector,
    senior policy analyst for the group. States including
    Connecticut and Vermont have rules that require wood boilers to
    be placed a given distance from a neighbor's property.
    Wells says air quality isn't a major concern for people in
    her part of New Hampshire, where the temperature falls to minus
    20 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 29 degrees Celsius) for weeks at a
    time. Almost everyone burns wood, she says.
    ``It is very expensive to heat our houses up here because
    we are so far north and the climate is so cold,'' Wells says.
    ``We live among the trees, where the deer and antelope play.''

    -- With reporting by Mark Shenk in New York. Editor: Wiegold
    (djs/rls/ecw)

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  2. johnsopi

    johnsopi Minister of Fire

    Joined:
    Nov 1, 2006
    Messages:
    651
    Loc:
    MD near DE&PA;
    NJ has a law against everything. Whats up with that.
  3. EatenByLimestone

    EatenByLimestone Minister of Fire

    Joined:
    Jul 12, 2006
    Messages:
    4,908
    Loc:
    Schenectady, NY
    *Wondering how many antelope roam the woods in NH*

    I would have thought that more than 7% use oil too.

    Matt
  4. jpl1nh

    jpl1nh Minister of Fire

    Joined:
    Jan 25, 2007
    Messages:
    1,572
    Loc:
    Newfields NH
    Our antelope live free, then die. I think our heating oil use is far more than 7%. I'll get back to ya on that one.
  5. JustWood

    JustWood Minister of Fire

    Joined:
    Aug 14, 2007
    Messages:
    3,525
    Loc:
    Arrow Bridge,NY
    Same thoughts here on the heating oil figure ! I know a boat load of people here that heat with it.
    My girlfriends apartment building in NYC is heated with HHO. The door to the boiler room has a location sign on it stating a 13,000 gallon tank capacity. HOLY SCHNIKEYS !!!!!!!!!!
  6. jpl1nh

    jpl1nh Minister of Fire

    Joined:
    Jan 25, 2007
    Messages:
    1,572
    Loc:
    Newfields NH
    Getting back to you. You were right. http://www.puc.nh.gov/Gas-Steam/naturalgasvsalternativefuels.htm
  7. adrpga498

    adrpga498 Minister of Fire

    Joined:
    Nov 18, 2005
    Messages:
    869
    Loc:
    New Jersey
    Gotta keep all da lawyers employed... BadahBing
  8. rdrcr56

    rdrcr56 New Member

    Joined:
    Sep 8, 2006
    Messages:
    216
    Sorry Fishboat, I just posted the same article, I didn't see you had posted it already.
  9. James04

    James04 Member

    Joined:
    Oct 18, 2007
    Messages:
    129
    Loc:
    Eastern Ct
    "350 times more pollution than an oil furnace"

    Could this be true?

    James
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