Garn and mixing valves

Bill in IL Posted By Bill in IL, Jan 9, 2018 at 4:57 PM

  1. Bill in IL

    Bill in IL
    New Member 2.
    NULL
    

    Jan 3, 2017
    7
    2
    Loc:
    Hanna city, il
    I have a Garn 1500 and have been using it for two seasons now. Love the stove but unhappy with my mixing valve setup. I have a Taco 5000 series mixing valve on the output Garn supply manifold and cant keep suitable and steady temps out unless the tank temps are 150 plus. I can heat the house well with 140 degree water and would be happy with that as a max temp. I have been considering one of the Taco I series mixing valves with outdoor reset as a replacement. Looks like a 3 way valve would be a direct swap in as an upgrade. Will this type valve give me steady temps out with tank temps below the setpoint? Obviously the output temps will drop but will they stay at supply temps below the setpoint?

    My other thought was to just take water directly from the supply manifold at the Garn and use a circulator in delta T mode to monitor supply and return water and allow it to adjust.

    Thanks, Bill
     
  2. maple1

    maple1
    Minister of Fire 2.
    NULL
    

    Sep 15, 2011
    8,383
    1,567
    Loc:
    Nova Scotia
    A bit uncertain here - sounding like you don't have an HX between the Garn & the rest of the system?

    I likely can't offer much more, no experience with mixing valves.
     
    Stop hovering to collapse... Click to collapse... Hover to expand... Click to expand...
  3. Buzz Saw

    Buzz Saw
    Minister of Fire 2.
    NULL
    

    Jan 18, 2014
    523
    80
    Loc:
    Attica, Ohio
    I have a Garn 2000 and I run tank temperature water right into the house and it works fine. In the house the water is distributed to 2 furnaces, DHW & in floor heat. At the moment only the 2 furnaces are on operation. DHW is coming this summer and floor heat this week. I just did get the system online in the past week, so I'm still working out some bugs

    If the water is 170° it heats fast, if the water is 130° it heats slower.

    Edit: The thermostats control the temperature of the house, so water temp isn't really critical to functional. I'll know more after the next cold snap.

    Sent from my SM-G950U using Tapatalk
     
  4. BoiledOver

    BoiledOver
    Minister of Fire 2.
    NULL
    

    Apr 14, 2013
    558
    205
    Loc:
    43°58'55 N - 85°20' W
    Without knowledge of your system layout and definitive goal, kinda tough to respond accurately. But, I will explain my current concern. I too am happy with the boiler in use and a slightly discouraged with the end results in the home particularly the temperature swings. My intention is to add a mixing valve actuator to a previously installed 3-way mixing valve (Tekmar valve). The actuator (Armatur LK 130) has an outdoor reset program with indoor input too. For $510 US, you could go with the two items at the following links, or, use your Taco valve and get a controller and actuator that mates to it. The Armatur unit is also available without the indoor input for $350 US.

    https://store.tarmusa.com/products/lk130-smart-control?variant=18921520646

    https://store.tarmusa.com/collections/mixing-valves/products/lk-840-thermomix-3-way-valve-3-4-male-thread

    Best of luck in getting the results you would like to see. My plan includes the LK 130 and a 3-way that looks like this:


    711_l.jpg
     
    Stop hovering to collapse... Click to collapse... Hover to expand... Click to expand...
  5. Bill in IL

    Bill in IL
    New Member 2.
    NULL
    

    Jan 3, 2017
    7
    2
    Loc:
    Hanna city, il
    Overall system is setup with staple up radiant I the house. I have a water to air heat exchanger to make up on bitter days. Goal is to get a constant output from the supply water. I could pump water directly from the garn but that can cause problems with overheating with radiant therefore the reason for outdoor reset controls. I like your idea with the the mixing valve but will those automated mixing valves give constant output or do they "hunt" when parameters are outside of their limits.
     
  6. TCaldwell

    TCaldwell
    Minister of Fire 2.
    NULL
    

    Oct 26, 2007
    917
    93
    Loc:
    860-868-9014 h 203 948 0864 c nw corner ct.
    Pics of the current mix valve/ circ plumbing would help. Any mix valve needs to be sized correctly to the flow rate, not pipe size to have control. My Garn has 1-1/4 near boiler piping, the belimo mix valve has 3/4 inch ports, a cv of 4.7, but requires 10 gpm to work properly, a Grundfos 15/58 on med speed works for this application. The valve is controlled by a 0-10vdc signal generated from a Tekmar outdoor reset module. The Tekmar controller generates a 0-10 signal representative of the outdoor reset temp required, that signal is input into a Eurotherm pid controller as a remote setpoint, then looks at the actual supply temp, calculates the difference and creates a output for the belimo mix valve. This is a example of proportional control, and results in very little error if tuned properly.
    There are other control strategies that such as pulse width modulation, floating point that work more on the average temp between the highs and lows that are represented by manufacturers of outdoor reset controlls.
    Generally modulating a valve will give better control than modulating circ speed.
    Are you looking to control a backup heat source as well or just the Garn?
     
    Stop hovering to collapse... Click to collapse... Hover to expand... Click to expand...
  7. TCaldwell

    TCaldwell
    Minister of Fire 2.
    NULL
    

    Oct 26, 2007
    917
    93
    Loc:
    860-868-9014 h 203 948 0864 c nw corner ct.
    Bill, are you using a flat plate, if so what side of it is the mix valve on, where is the supply temp sensor located, how is your backup heat source plumbed, series or parallel?
     
    Stop hovering to collapse... Click to collapse... Hover to expand... Click to expand...
  8. Bill in IL

    Bill in IL
    New Member 2.
    NULL
    

    Jan 3, 2017
    7
    2
    Loc:
    Hanna city, il
    There is no heat exchanger in my setup. The whole system shares water directly from the Garn. I have a 1" thermostatic mixing valve in the woodshed directly off the 2" supply off the back of the Garn. Its installed between the supply and return manifold and a 0013 circulator pulling through the mixing valve. The circulator may be slightly oversized at this point since its on an approximately 200 foot loop to the house. The loop was originally longer but even then the mixing valve was not working right. Seems they were never really intended for the way I am using them but I do have another that is installed in a circuit to a heated slab in the gargage and that work works well enough since a slab will heat with almost any temp of water. I have had trouble with having a tank temp of 140 and only 100 degree water being sent to the house due to the mixing valve. I know there are better controls out there just wondering what direction I need to go. Sounds like the variable speed circulator idea is out or at least as a primary control method. I will try to get a picture of the back of the Garn later today.
     
  9. BoiledOver

    BoiledOver
    Minister of Fire 2.
    NULL
    

    Apr 14, 2013
    558
    205
    Loc:
    43°58'55 N - 85°20' W
    Who did the install of your system? The thermostatic valve is plumbed to serve what purpose? Is it for boiler protection (keep cold water from returning to the boiler)?

    The Garn is not under pressure, yes. Maybe you should consider a plate exchanger at the Garn with the house side pressurized. There are several members here who use Garns, maybe they will be jumping into this thread.

    I see @TCaldwell is already here, he is quite experienced with the Garn units. Best of luck in reaching your goals.
     
    Stop hovering to collapse... Click to collapse... Hover to expand... Click to expand...
  10. Buzz Saw

    Buzz Saw
    Minister of Fire 2.
    NULL
    

    Jan 18, 2014
    523
    80
    Loc:
    Attica, Ohio
    When I was setting up my Garn Heaterman did not recommend a mixing valve. In his words "a Garn can not be shocked with cold return water"

    He did advise to run at slab heat with a plate heat exchanger.

    Sent from my SM-G950U using Tapatalk
     
  11. Golovkin

    Golovkin
    Member 2.
    NULL
    

    Mar 10, 2015
    13
    3
    Loc:
    Montana
    Look into the tekmar 356 with outdoor reset. It runs a pump on the garn to my heat exchanger, (on/off, it just brings whatever water is in the garn to an exchanger).

    another pump on the house side of the exchanger is used to hit my 'target mix temp' based off the outdoor reset temp.

    It also runs a variable speed pump for all my house zones. Works great and I get good heat out of my garn down to 80-90F

    There are other ways to run it, but I like the exchanger because i'm always sending warm water back to the Garn.
     
  12. Woodfarmer1

    Woodfarmer1
    Member 2.
    NULL
    

    Nov 10, 2013
    226
    27
    Loc:
    Bowmanville, On,Can
    I have a 50 plate hx at the Garn. With a new taco 0015e pump.
     
    Stop hovering to collapse... Click to collapse... Hover to expand... Click to expand...
  13. TCaldwell

    TCaldwell
    Minister of Fire 2.
    NULL
    

    Oct 26, 2007
    917
    93
    Loc:
    860-868-9014 h 203 948 0864 c nw corner ct.
    I have no experience with the 356, but any control that modulates a cap start circ like a taco, is at a disadvantage to a 3 way valve. The 356 will send a 0-10 vdc signal to the circ that won’t start rotation until 2 vdc, essentially you’ve lost the first 20 percent of control, a contributor to hunting. This might not even be noticed in some applications and doubtful you’d catch it unless you monitor temps.
     
    Stop hovering to collapse... Click to collapse... Hover to expand... Click to expand...
  14. heaterman

    heaterman
    Minister of Fire 2.
    NULL
    

    Oct 16, 2007
    3,375
    629
    Loc:
    Falmouth, Michigan
    A few bullet points....

    * If you're looking for maximum control over water temp, I've always had best results with a motorized mixing valve of some type.
    The Taco i-series...not so much. Bellimo or Tekmar mainly. Viessmann makes an excellent stand alone motorized valve also but big $$.

    * Best control is to mix at point of use and run high temp water from the boiler to that location. Especially true in cases where the supply run is on the long side or tube diameter is inadequate.

    * Any mix valve will "hunt" when temperature supplied to the valve drops below required water temp.
    Most will bypass a certain amount of the return back into the supply even when supply temp is lower than demand.
    You just plain need to keep the supply temp up.

    * A Garn absolutely does not need a mixing device of any kind for "boiler protection". Water temp in the Garn should however always be maintained above 120*. Higher if the fuel is on the "green side" of dry.
     
    Stop hovering to collapse... Click to collapse... Hover to expand... Click to expand...
  15. Golovkin

    Golovkin
    Member 2.
    NULL
    

    Mar 10, 2015
    13
    3
    Loc:
    Montana
    I'm surprised you guys have better luck with valves, my tekmar 356 and grundfos injection are always spot on.
     
  16. TCaldwell

    TCaldwell
    Minister of Fire 2.
    NULL
    

    Oct 26, 2007
    917
    93
    Loc:
    860-868-9014 h 203 948 0864 c nw corner ct.
    Early on I tried a taco ivalve for setpoint control behind my Garn, as heater man said, not so much luck. Currently I have a belimo mix valve, they call it a characterized control valve, it is programmed at the factory in ct., including stroke speed and input voltage range to match the output signal of a independent controller.
    I agree with heaterman on the point of accuracy is generally better at point of use and probably in a pressureized environment.
    Having said that I installed mine between the Garn and the flat plate in the Garn barn, thus mixing at the Garn, sending only the low outdoor reset temp water underground to the house, this works well also.
    Some things to consider with stand alone valves, you also need a controller like a Tekmar 423 that provides a outdoor reset signal to the valve, I think Honeywell makes a controller also that has adjustable control parameters, Tekmar has their own proprietary control algorithm. The adjustability is needed the farther away you get from the point of use.
    The integrated valve controllers like the LK brand Tarm USA sells are used by a member named sparky. He could give a assessment.
     
    Stop hovering to collapse... Click to collapse... Hover to expand... Click to expand...
  17. Bill in IL

    Bill in IL
    New Member 2.
    NULL
    

    Jan 3, 2017
    7
    2
    Loc:
    Hanna city, il
    Sounds like I may need to rethink my strategy a bit then. No mixing valve and just pump directly to the house. I am slightly concerned now that I will ruin the stratification in the tank pumping at my target rate especially on warmer days. I have always figured for 10 gpm flow to get 100 k Btu at 20 deg drop. I will give it a try and see how it goes.

    Thanks heaterman the stove has been working great.
     
  18. maple1

    maple1
    Minister of Fire 2.
    NULL
    

    Sep 15, 2011
    8,383
    1,567
    Loc:
    Nova Scotia
    I am thinking that slowing your circ down while removing your mixer, might have the same effect on stratification as your present faster circ flow but using a mixer?
     
    Stop hovering to collapse... Click to collapse... Hover to expand... Click to expand...
  19. TCaldwell

    TCaldwell
    Minister of Fire 2.
    NULL
    

    Oct 26, 2007
    917
    93
    Loc:
    860-868-9014 h 203 948 0864 c nw corner ct.
    Bill, your probably tired of seeing my posts, one more thing to consider weather you choose mix valve or circ, if your primary loop from the Garn is plumbed with closely spaced t’s to a zone manifold, the supply sensor placement will depend what you see. If the sensor is on the supply pipe leaving the mix valve it will be accurate as to valve performance. If the sensor is down stream of the closely spaced t’s you will get a less stable reading because some mixing happens in those t’s as zone calls start and stop.
    That’s all I got!
     
    Stop hovering to collapse... Click to collapse... Hover to expand... Click to expand...
  20. Bill in IL

    Bill in IL
    New Member 2.
    NULL
    

    Jan 3, 2017
    7
    2
    Loc:
    Hanna city, il
    All replies are welcome sometimes it's those little tidbits that make the light go off.

    I think I will try deleting the mixing valve and running tank temp to the house. It should work great when it's as cold as it is now. All my primary secondary loops are in the house 100 foot away from the stove.
     

Share This Page