Old Buck Stove information. (One stop resource)

ryjen Posted By ryjen, Mar 6, 2014 at 10:12 AM

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  1. ryjen

    Member 2.

    Feb 2, 2014
    north carolina
    To me, it isn't fall/winter until I can smell a fire burning. It's an odd comfort smell to me. It brings back memories
    of my childhood. Playing in the snow, and smelling the wood burning fireplaces is something that is disappearing these days. Especially in my part of
    the country.(North Carolina) I knew that using a woodstove was going to give me the benefits of having a fire, without the heat loss of a chimney. After
    my wife and I received a $300+ power bill for the month of December, I started actively looking for a fireplace insert. I came across an old Buck Stove,
    at a steal for just $200.I did an internet search and found not only this website and forum, but some decent information on the Buck stoves. Turns out
    they can be used as free standing or as inserts. So I jumped at the deal I had found and bought it. Then I came here and started asking questions. Sure,
    it was a bit backwards as to how things should have gone. Ask first, buy later....but I didn't want the deal to pass me by. A few weeks have gone by and
    I have learned tons. Not only about my stove, but about the cost involved and the mistakes and misinformation that is out there. So I thought to myself
    that I should make a post, here, about all that I have learned about the older Buck Stoves. Identification, use, cost, etc. All in one handy place with a
    title that should help those searching this forum in the future for the same questions that I had.

    Here is a list of what I have found out so far, and by all means if you have information that I do not have listed here please add it.

    So you bought a wood stove. You know from the trusty bage on the front that it is a Buck Stove, or maybe the owner told you. However neither of you know
    the exact Model.You know it's an older model with double doors. A 28000, 27000 or 26000.
    Open your doors and mesure the opening of the firebox:

    18 inches = 26000
    20 inches = 27000
    24 inches = 28000

    Before you go any further, you need to ask yourself 2 questions. Question 1: Am I going to burn coal in my Buck Stove?
    If the answer is no, remove the refractory cement or fire brick from the inside of your firebox if it is there. For wood burning, it isn't needed.
    In fact, if you are burning wood with the brick in there, the air circulating underneath the firebox via the blower will
    not be as hot, and therefore your stove will not be as efficient as a heat source as it could be.
    It should be noted that if you live south of Virginia, you will not be burning coal. Coal is rediculously expensive
    to ship, and coal yards near you will be suppliers of factories/power stations and you have hardly any chance of getting your hands
    on some coal at an affordable price.
    Question 2: will this be a free standing stove, or a fireplace insert. For a free standing stove, your options are wide open. For a fireplace
    insert, however, not so much. (Note: The following information will pertain to the 28000 model only until confirmation that other models are
    affected the same.)
    There were 2 different models of the 28000 made. One was an all steel, double walled stove with single speed blower operated by a 2 prong switch and
    thermostat. The other was a tripple walled, all steel stove with a 3 speed blower operated by a 3 prong switch and 3 teir thermostat. This isn't to say
    that a double walled stove can't have a 3 speed blower, and vice versa as these were consumer options. However for the most part, the above
    was the standard. The double walled unit was intended for use as a stand alone stove, while the tripple walled unit was for use as a fireplace insert.
    Buck Stove did not then, and does not now reccomend the use of a double walled stove as an insert.
    You may be asking yourself; "Well why not?". It's all about the design of the stoves, and the way that fireplace inserts were installed back in the "Old Days".

    (Note: do NOT shoot the messenger)

    Back when these stoves were manufactured (70's and 80's), installing one into a fireplace was as simple as adding the trim kit, some high temp sealant, and
    a fiberglass gasket around the trim kit and sliding the stove in the fireplace opening until the trim kit was snug against the wall of the fireplace. This
    sealed the room off from the firebox of the fireplace. These days this practice is referred to as "Slammers". As the installation just "Slams" the stove in
    the opening and you go about your business.
    Hindsight is 20/20
    After a decade, and billions in fire damage, people started to realize that this installation meathod was a dangerous practice. However even today there are
    people who have stoves with this setup, and have no issues. Some swear by it, some warn against it. I'm just here to talk about the stoves themselves so lets get
    back to business.

    The double walled unit pulls air from the back of the stove, pushing it between the two walls of the stove and out the front exits. This is an issue if you have the
    stove installed into a fireplace as it allows the fan to pull smoke from the firebox, and blow it along with it's co2 into the room. The tripple walled unit has the cold
    air return that pulls air from the room, circulates it through the stove, and blows it back out.


    Double walled unit:


    Tripple walled unit:


    Notice the cold air returns on either side that run the length of the stove, from top to bottom.

    You can use a double walled unit as an insert, provided that you use a chimney liner, and block off plate. This keeps the blower from pulling smoke and CO2 into the room. It
    also keeps the blower from affecting the draft of the stove, further adding to problem #1.
    However, I will remind you that Buck Stove does not reccomend it. It should also be noted that inserts do not have as much of the stovetop surface exposed to the room. In fact
    they have almost 1/4th of the stove surface exposed as a free standing stove. This reduces the ammount of heat tranfered to the room. By circulating the room air through the
    stove via the cold air return, Buck Stove effectively, and efficiently solved that issue.

    The 26000, 27000, and 28000 were manufactured from the 70's through the 80's and were among the most popular stoves on the market at that time.
    In 1982, the staff of "Mother Earth News" researched the then new idea of adding a catalytic converter to a wood stove. The research was headed up by a man named B.V.Alverez, who by the time the article went to press in January of 1983, had accepted a position as head of engineering at Buck Stove corp. Buck Stove began offering, based on the findings of that research, a retro fit kit for the older models. Post 1983 models were known officially as 28000-C, 27000-C/CR, and 26000-C and included the catalytic converters as standard equipment. You can find that research article, and instructions on how to build a catalytic converter for your old stove here: http://www.motherearthnews.com/diy/wood-stove-catalytic-converter-zmaz83jfzraw.aspx

    Note: www.servicesales.com bought out Buck Stove Corp's stock of the retro fit kit, and they sold the last one 2 years go. However, the above link should allow you to create your own retrofit kit.

    As I have mentioned, I'm not an expert on these stoves, so if I have left anything out, please add below.
    mellow and Osagebndr like this.
  2. gzecc

    Minister of Fire 2.

    Sep 24, 2008
    Thanks for the education. Didn't know about the double wall. Very interesting and dangerous.
  3. Osagebndr

    Minister of Fire 2.

    Feb 20, 2014
    Central Indiana
    Good thread ryjen. I have my buck27000 freestanding . Awesome heater. I bought mine for 300 after a whole winter of 700 electric bills. If you get on buck stove web site you can also get the owners manual for the stoves . My home owners insurance wanted to see it as well as the ul listing of the stove.
  4. begreen

    Mooderator 2.
    Staff Member

    Nov 18, 2005
    South Puget Sound, WA
    Interesting info. Thanks for posting ryjen.
  5. coaly

    Fisher Moderator 2.
    Staff Member

    Dec 22, 2007
    NE PA
    Working on the Fisher history years ago, I saved a few documents and news articles that may be of interest to you Buck fans. You will find more information searching the first companies name; Smokey Mountain Enterprises Inc.

    Here's a recent 40th anniversary flyer;


    I'm not sure why Buck Stoves spells the inventors name "Carol", which is correctly spelled Carroll Edward Buckner (74) who holds 23 patents for products ranging from his stove, draft controls, door handles, FP screen and glass, basket, to pellet burning devices.

    This major ad in the Pittsburgh Press mentions the "I didn't know that" book;

    Buck Stove Co. establishes Southeast Regional Headquarters;

    And Expansion of Buck Stove Southeast in 1980;
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